Hiberno Norse - Phase I - Crux penny

at 400 dots / inch


Irish Coinage


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© 2001 - Copyright
_ Stafford-Langan
Version 1.08c
1 October, 2001


This coin is a Hiberno Norse Penny of Dublin struck in about 997 AD.

This is an example of the earliest coinage struck in Ireland - The first phase Hiberno Norse coins are locally produced coins in the style of the pennies of Aethelred II of England - The pennies of Aethelred and his successor Cnut changed design every six years and their dating and sequence can be evaluated quite accurately. The Irish pennies in this group begin with the Crux type of Aethelred and follow the English style pennies through to the quatrefoil type of Cnut from about 1016-1022 AD.

These coins are occasionally blundered and occasionally feature 'English' legends on one or both sides. This example has Irish legends on both sides:

+ SITI R+ DIFLIMELI (Sithric King of Dublin)
+ FASTOL O- DIFLIM (Fastol of Dublin)

This coin is in Extremely Fine (EF) condition. There is some slight doubling of the obverse strike which is very common on this issue. The coin is quite well centred and very full. Overall this is a very attractive example of the issue.

Early Hiberno Norse coins generally turn up in nice grades - the average grade is Very Fine or better - this is a significant contrast with the later medieval pieces such as coins of Henry VII where the average grade is less than Fine

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